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The different types of batteries used in drones

Drones are powered by different types of batteries, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The main types of batteries used in drones are fuel cells, lithium-polymer batteries (LiPo) and lithium-ion batteries (Li-ion).





Fuel cells for long-distance surveillance and reconnaissance drones.


Fuel cells are powered by fuels such as hydrogen, methane or propane. They have a high flight autonomy of up to 24 hours, but have high acquisition and operating costs. Fuel cells are mainly used for long-distance surveillance and reconnaissance drones.



Lithium-polymer (LiPo) batteries for leisure drones and medium-sized professional drones.


Lithium-polymer (LiPo) batteries are rechargeable batteries that use a combination of lithium and polymers. They have a high energy density, which makes them light and compact, and a high storage capacity. LiPo batteries have moderate flight autonomy, usually 20 to 30 minutes, but they are also used in leisure drones and medium-sized professional drones.


Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries for larger drones and professional drones.


Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are also rechargeable batteries that use a combination of lithium and ions. They have a moderate energy density and a moderate storage capacity, but they have a higher flight range than LiPo batteries. Li-ion batteries are mainly used for larger drones and professional drones.


Technological advances in batteries for drones


In summary, drones use different types of batteries, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Fuel cells are ideal for long-distance monitoring and reconnaissance drones, LiPo batteries for leisure drones and medium-sized professional drones and Li-ion batteries for larger drones and professional drones. Technological advances continue to improve battery performance, offering longer flight autonomy and better durability.

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